Information is a more than important part of our daily life. Spreadsheets, Word files, images, videos, audios and other documents are the tools with which we carry out our work, and keeping them orderly and safe should be one of our priorities.
Many users take this premise lightly, spending little time keeping their files securely and perfectly in order, and only trust the document libraries they have created and an antivirus to avoid problems from external attacks, forgetting the most important thing: unexpected errors usually occur in computing, and when they do occur they tend to be catastrophic.
En therefore, disk partitions can become our best allies when it comes to taking care of our documents in the event of any eventuality. In this post we will learn everything about disk partitions, including how to create them and other procedures.
What is a hard drive partition?
Technically, we could define disk partitions as logical divisions within a data storage unit. These partitions within the disk will act independently, that is, we will be able to see them in the File Explorer of our operating system as if they were different devices, with all the advantages that this offers when it comes to keeping our files organized.
The disk partitions are basically independent storage spaces contained within the same hard disk, so that we can store or delete the files they contain, or even formatting, without affecting the content of the other partitions, even if they belong to the same hard disk. Another advantage of disk partitions is that you can create as many as are necessary to meet our requirements.
To understand Better this, we can run File Explorer. When we click on “My Computer” or “This equipment”, depending on the version of Windows that we have installed on the PC, we can see that the disks have an identifying letter.
The most common of them is “C:”, which is the letter assigned for the root disk, that is to say that storage unit in which the operating system is installed . Having identified this disc, in some cases we will be able to verify that there may also be other letters assigned to other discs, such as, “D:” or “E:”, that can be treated of disk partitions that belong to “C:”, the most common case, or simply other hard drives, which can also have active partitions.
All this means that we can having dozens of disk partitions, always depending on its total capacity, at our disposal to treat them as separate storage units, which offers us multiple possibilities when ordering files.
For example, we can use the main partition, or “C:” to leave the system operating and system files, a second parti n, which could be called “D:” for working documents, a partition “E:” for images, a disk partition “F:” for music, and so on until the available partitions are exhausted.
The fantastic flexibility offered by this storage scheme is incredible, since it allows us to organize our files in the most practical way possible, and above all we allows to have the security of being able to format the root partition or any other without compromising in any way the information contained in the other partitions, that is, we can format the partition “C:” without affect partition “D:” “E:” or any other.
How to create a new partition
This method is really practical and useful for the moment when, having a single disk, but with a lot of capacity, we want to create an extra disk partition to use as a backup in case we have any problem, storage of documents or multimedia files or in any other way we need.
Also, it is worth noting the simplicity of the procedure, since disk partitioning tools are not necessary. from third-party manufacturers, with the consequent saving in installation and configuration time, in addition, of course, to the money required to purchase the respective licenses.
As we mentioned, Windows provides us with all the tools necessary to create, delete, or modify disk partitions, is just a matter of having pa science and follow the instructions in this guide to achieve the desired objective.
To begin we move to the Start menu and select “ Panel ”.
Once in the Control Panel, we select the item“ Administrative Tools ”and then click on “ Equipment Administration ”.
Click on the left menu in “ Disk Management ” so that the system provides us with information about the format, capacity, if it works correctly, the type of disk and its partitions of all the storage media present on our computer.
Click on the disk on which we want to create our new partition and click again with the right mouse button to display the menu that will allow us to perform the required action.
Click on « Reduce Volume «. Windows will be in charge of verifying that the necessary space is available for the reduction of this partition.
In this instance, the operating system will offer us a series of data regarding the availability of space in this volume.
Apart from information about the size available to reduce, will also indicate the size of the subsequent partition if we select the default reduction profile.
We select the desired size for the new partition and click on the button «Reduce»
At this time the new partition should appear in the screen with a striped fill with the legend « Unassigned «.
To enter the last preparations, click on the newly created partition and press again but with the right mouse button, a menu will be displayed .
Select simple new volume «, and it will show a window with a helper that will allow us to give the desired size to the partition, we assign the volume letter and press on the next button.
At this point a window will appear that offers the possibility of choosing between FAT32 and NTFS as the drive format, and if we want a quick formatting of the partition, in addition to offer the option to select the volume label. We select the procedures to be performed and click on the button « Next «.
Finally a window appears with a summary of the actions to be performed. If these satisfy us, click on “ Finish ” so that Windows begins to perform the required task.
Once all the operations are finished, we will be in a position to use the new partition as more
How to recover lost partitions in Windows
One of the most terrible adversities that can happen to us as users of computer equipment is when one of the partitions of our hard disk were formatted by mistake with the consequent loss of all the material that we could have had stored there. Let’s learn how to recover that information.
One of the most powerful and effective tools that we can count on to be able to carry out the work of recovery from a deleted disk partition is an app called Handy Recovery, without a doubt one of the best applications of its kind on the market.
Handy Recovery is an application that is also in Spanish, and that offers, among its characteristics, support for file systems FAT 12/16/32, NTFS / NTFS 5 + EFS, HFS / HFS, detailed scanning of the disk for certain types of files, option to create disk images for recovery deferred and preview to show contents of deleted files.
It also offers us indica it is probability of successful recovery for each file, possibility of filtering the contents by name, mask and size, the recovery of deleted files without using the Recycle Bin and repair of the structure of deleted folders, among many other options.
How to use Handy Recovery
To recover a disk partition deleted by mistake with Handy Recovery, all we have to do is follow the instructions that are detailed below.
We download and install the application, what we can do by clicking on this link .
We start the application to select the hard disk where the deleted partition is located and press the button “Analyze”.
Once the program finishes the analysis, it will show us the list of the deleted files, and to access the deleted partitions we must select the option “Search Partitions”, which It will show a window where to select the disk that contains the deleted partition and press the button “Start”.
In this point we will already be in the position of select the desired deleted partition which will surely have the largest size, because it still contains our files.
We choose the partition and press “Analyze.”
When Handy Recovery ends we will be able to select the files of the partitions that we want to recover and with the right button of the mouse, press on the option “Restore…”.
We select the location where we want the recovered files to be stored and press the button ”.
The reserved partition of the system
The most daring of us, that is, the users who are encouraged to install and configure themselves themselves the operating system, will have noticed that when installing a Windows from scratch, the installation wizard, when formatting the disks to start the procedure, in addition to the main partition in which the OS will be installed, also creates a partition called “Reserved for the system.”
The funny thing is that when we finish with the installation of Windows, this partition does not appear anywhere. This is because it is a hidden partition that contains files and settings very important for the proper functioning of the operating system, and leaving it without any kind of protection would be problematic.
That is why from this point we will know how to access the reserved partition of Windows and see its contents, in addition to knowing exactly how we can delete it or not.
What is and what is the Windows reserved partition for?
The system reserved partition will be created with installation from scratch , that is to say a “clean installation” in all versions of Windows from Windows 7, and as we mentioned it will not appear when we see the contents of the disk with File Explorer , this is due Since the system does not assign a disk letter, and therefore, Windows does not display it.
This reserved system partition contains, among other information that are of great importance to the system , the boot configuration database, the master boot code, the Windows recovery environment and the necessary disk space for the files protected by BitLocker, in case we use this utility encryption.
How can we see the reserved partition of the Windows system?
The only alternative we have available to to view this hidden partition, at least with the tools provided with Windows, is to use the Disk Management, option to which we can access through the Start menu by typing “Equipment administration”.
Once we access the utility, we wait for the data to be loaded and only then we will be able to contemplate the elusive partition.
Now if we want to see the files it contains, we will have to assign it a drive letter, which we can easily do by clicking on the partition, and with the right button of the same select the option “Change the letter and access paths to the drive.”
After that, we run the File Explorer and in the section “Folder and search options” tab “View”, we check on the options “Show hidden files, folders and drives” and we untick the option Hide protected operating system files. ”
At this point, we can already see the contents of the partition system reserved, including files like Bootmgr, BOOTNXT, BOOTSECT.bak and folders like Boot, Recovery, System Volume Information, $ RECYCLE BIN and others.
Is it possible to erase the partition reserved system?
In this sense, the most important question to ask ourselves is if we really need this space, taking into account that in Windows 7 the size of this partition is 100 Mb, in Windows 8, it is 350 Mb and in Windows 10 it is 500 Mb, and with the size that modern storage units usually have, space does not seem to be a matter of life and death. Taking this point into consideration, deleting this hidden partition is not advisable, as it would take a little more work, plus there is a possibility that you may require it later to activate the BitLocker feature .
Removal of this partition would only be useful in case we use SSD drives, which are generally smaller than mechanical storage drives, and each MB of space gained is critical.
Unfortunately, while deleting the reserved partition is possible, We can only do it while we are installing the system, at the precise moment when we are about to select the location to install Windows.
To do this, we press the key combination “Shift + F10” to run the command prompt. Once the window appears, we type “diskpart”, then select “select disk 0” and finally “create partition primary” to manually create a new partition.
After having made these modifications, we can continue with the installation on this new partition.