There are many reasons why a computer may stop working properly and freeze. Some of them impossible to solve but fortunately less common, and others more common and easy to solve. In this last group, faulty RAM modules, overheating due to dirt, viruses, and an insufficiently powered power supply can leave our PC out of action.
Everyone ever We have suffered the symptoms that something bad is about to happen with our computer. First, small “jerks” are observed, then something stops responding so that finally the application with which we are working freezes, the state that those who have suffered, generally occurs at the least opportune moment, leaving us with no possibility to continue working, and in the worst case, that part of what we were doing with the PC is lost forever.
The scene ends after a few minutes of agony, when the dreaded BSOD finally appears, the blue screen of death, what which indicates that our PC has just suffered a significant crash . Now it only remains to restart it and hope that the problem has disappeared without too many consequences.
In this article we will find the solutions to the most common damages that a computer can suffer, and that produce most of
The 5 most common problems for a PC to hang and how to solve them
As we mentioned, there are many causes for a PC to hang , and nowadays it becomes vital to know how and why they occur in order to be prepared and to avoid or face them.
A module Defective RAM is one of the major causes of problems, and a leading player in the production of blue screens at system startup. Fortunately, analyzing and detecting problems in the RAM modules is easy, and in case of problems, they are easy to replace.
For check the proper functioning of a RAM module nothing better than an application called Memtest86 +, which will analyze the memory banks looking for trouble. In the event that it finds errors, then it will be necessary to determine which module is producing them.
To do this, we must remove the cover of the PC cabinet and remove the RAM modules , leaving only one of them, the one located in slot 1, in case they are more than one. Next, we run Memtest86 +, and if it doesn’t indicate an error, it means this RAM module is not seeing any problems. In the event that we have more than one module, we repeat the procedure as many times as we have modules.
The performance and stability of RAM memories is of vital importance so that a computer does not freeze . If the memory modules are in bad shape, we probably have a lot of problems.
Source power supply with insufficient capacity
Thanks to the fact that at present we can count on components for high performance PCs at a reasonable price, it is quite probable that we have CPUs installed on our PC , very powerful sound or video cards. It is also possible that we have made some touch of “Overclocking” to the processor, since they come prepared for it.
But unfortunately all that power comes at a price, and it is the high amount of energy consumed by all those components, which can make the system unstable and freeze a computer many times a day if we don’t have a power supply powerful enough to power the entire PC efficiently.
In order to know exactly the total power consumption of the PC, we will first have to add the consumption of each of the elements that compose it. This is not easy, since we will have to resort to manuals or manufacturers’ websites. But once these data are recovered, we can compare them with the power that the power supply of our computer is capable of delivering.
In the event that we conclude that the power supply is not capable of supplying the necessary power, then it is time to replace it with a higher capacity , since it can cause a PC to freeze and leave us with no possibility of finishing what we were doing.
Generally, if we have a PC with good performance components, but without exaggeration, a power supply with at least 600 Watts will suffice. But if we have non-standard configurations such as two video cards connected by SLI or CrossFire, in addition to many other boards, this power will not be enough, having to acquire one of at least 800 Watts.
Inside a PC, be it desktop or laptop, generate large amounts of heat produced by components housed within the device. Even in those small tablets with Android this problem occurs.
If the heat inside the PC is not dissipated correctly, it can generate instability and cause accidents such as the PC being freeze. Although some modern equipment has a series of sensors inside it that allow it to measure the temperature and turn off the equipment in case the allowed limit is exceeded, the truth is that before this to happen we should check a series of aspects related to fans and ventilation openings.
First of all, it is necessary to make sure that all the fans that the PC has are working properly. In the event that any of them does not work, or does so improperly, it will be best to replace it.
It will also be necessary to check the openings and vents to check that they are not being obstructed by elements that do not allow it to ventilate the equipment satisfactorily.
To get an idea of what is the operating temperature of some of the components of the PC , we can download and install a small free program called “Open Hardware Monitor” available at this link.
With this tool we can monitor the temperature of the processor and other components of the PC, in addition to obtaining other important data about the operation of the equipment.
Another problem related to temperature occurs when we change a processor, since a bad application of the thermal paste between the CPU and its heatsink can cause it to overheat and freeze the computer.
To repair it, or take it into account for future updates, we only have to remove the heat sink located on the processor and clean the two surfaces, the of the heatsink and that of the processor, with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol and apply a single drop of thermal paste. The latter should be taken into account, since if too much or too little is applied, heat dissipation is not adequate.
The usual suspects: Viruses and malware
Both viruses and malware are often one of the most common causes for a computer to freeze and cause flaws and blue screens. Fortunately, getting rid of these dire tenants these days is pretty straightforward. We just have to use a good antivirus that is updated and carry out a deep analysis of our equipment.
In the event that the virus or malware has deactivated the antivirus, which is possible, we must restart the PC in safe mode by pressing the F8 key during its startup, before the Windows start screen appears.
With this we will make sure that Windows does not load drivers or software that are not essential to its operation. When Windows has started in safe mode, then if we do a full scan with our favorite antivirus.
That a computer freezes and the Blue screens can also be the result of conflicts between the hardware components of our PC. One of the most common hardware conflict problems occurs when two devices try to use the same IRQ. Fortunately, in many of these cases, it is easy to find a solution.
To do this, we opened Device Manager where we will find the list of all the devices installed on the PC. In the event that we see that a yellow triangle is shown on any of them, then it means that this component has a problem, which can bring complications even to the hardware that depends on it, which inevitably will lead to the computer freezing.
Generally, updating or reinstalling the component driver and a system restart ends the problem. In the event that the problem persists, and the failed component is of the removable type as a storage drive, we can try to fix the problem by uninstalling it and reinstalling it.
The best thing we can do in the event of a problem is to store as much of possible information about it, which will allow us to make a more complete, accurate and quick diagnosis. For this we can write down the data that appears on the blue screen or use an application like BlueScreenView to help in the diagnosis, which we can download for free by clicking on this link.
It is also essential to be alert to any situation that is not habitual in the behavior in the computer and leads to freeze it, since if we ignore them we will only make the situation worse and make it more difficult to face a solution later.