Causes of Graves’ disease and treatment

Causes of Graves’ disease and treatment

saliva organs

Salivary gland tumors are rare types of tumors that begin in salivary organs.

The salivary glands can begin in any of the salivary organs of the mouth, neck, or throat. Saliva organs make braids, which help absorb, retain swelling of the mouth and emphasize healthy teeth.

You have three sets of large salivary organs below the jaw and jaw – parotid, sublingual, and submandibular. Many other small saliva organs are found on the lips, inside the cheeks and through the mouth and throat.

Salivary gland tumors most commonly occur in the parotid organ, accounting for almost 85 percent of all salivary glands. About 25 percent of parotid tumors are dangerous (threatening).

Treatment of salivary gland tumors regularly involves a medical procedure. Salivary gland tumors may also include radiation and chemotherapy.


Salivary gland signs and manifestations may be:

The knot grows at the jaw of the neck or at the mouth or near it

Death is part of your face

Lack of muscle on one side of face

Incredible pain in saliva

Swallowing Swallowing

Release usually opens your mouth

When to consult an expert

Talk to your doctor if you have any signs or symptoms that are troubling you.

Having a cone or growth area near your salivary organ is the best known sign of a salivary gland tumor, but that doesn’t mean you have the disease. Most tumor glands are uninhabited (species). Many different non-cancerous diseases can cause swollen saliva, remember illness or stones in the salivary tract.


Salivary gland tumors are uncommon, accounting for less than 10 percent of all head and neck tumors. It is unclear what causes tumors in the saliva organs.

Experts know that malignant growth of the salivary organs occurs when multiple cells in the salivary organ transform into DNA. The changes allow for the rapid growth and progression of cells. Transformed cells continue to live as different cells move on. Composite cells build a tumor that can attack near tissue. Malignant cells can burst and spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body.

Types of salivary glands

There is a wide range of salivary gland types. Experts organize tumors in salivary organs, depending on the type of cells involved in the tumors. Once you know what kind of salivary glands you have, a primary care physician will be able to decide which treatment is best for you.

The most famous friendly salivary gland tumor is pleomorphic adenoma. It is usually a middle-class tumor that often develops in the parotid organ. Other friendly tumor glands include:



Sentinel tumor

Types of threatening salivary gland tumors include:

Chinese cancer


Adenoid cystic carcinoma

Yasnoklitynna carcinoma

A menacing mixed tumor

Mucoepidermoidni karsinom

Onkotsytarnyy kreft

Polymorphisk adenocarsin and lion city

Cancer and spyttkanaler

Plate with epitarskinin


Components that can be dangerous for salivary glands include:

More experienced age. Although salivary gland tumors can occur at any age, they often occur in more experienced adults.

Introducing radiation. For example, radiation used to treat malignant growth of the head and neck increases the risk of salivary glands.

Familiarity with the working environment for certain substances. People who work with certain substances may be at increased risk of salivary gland tumors. Occupations related to salivary gland tumors include those associated with elastic placement, asbestos removal, and tubing.


Tests and methodology used to analyze salivary gland tumors include:

Physical test. The primary care physician will feel the jaw, neck and neck due to a fracture or extension.

Test visualization. Imaging tests, such as attractive reverberation imaging (MRI) and electron tomography (CT), can allow a primary care physician to determine the size and area of ​​salivary glands.

Selection of test substances for testing. Your primary care physician may have a biopsy performed at a research center to determine if the tumor is cancerous. During a targeted biopsy, the specialist inserts the needle into the suspected area and draws out fluid or cells. The medical procedure is confirmed by the dissection of salivary organs after the medical procedure to confirm the conclusion.

Determination of the degree of malignant growth of salivary organs

If you opt for malignant salivary gland growth, your doctor will determine the extent (organization) of your disease. The stage of your malignancy determines the choice of treatment and provides your primary care physician with an idea of ​​your expectations.

The stages of malignant growth are different in Roman numerals, with organized presentation of a small, restricted tumor and IV. Degree, showing a spread disease that has spread to the lymph nodes in the neck or inaccessible parts of the body.


Treatment for salivary gland tumors depends on the type, size and phase of salivary glands you have, as well as your general well-being and preferences. Salivary gland treatment usually involves a medical procedure, with or without radiotherapy.

Therapeutic procedure

Medical treatment for salivary organ tumors may include:

Evacuation of part of the affected saliva. In case your tumor is small and you can easily recognize it, a specialist can evacuate the tumor and some sound tissue that covers it.

The entire saliva was evacuated. If you have multiple tumors, your doctor may suggest evacuation of the entire salivary gland. If your tumor expands near structures – for example, the nerves on your face, the wires that bind your saliva, the bones of your face, and the skin – this can be further ruled out.

Evacuation of lymph nodes in the neck. In cases where there is evidence that the malignancy has spread to the lymph nodes in your neck, your specialist may show the vast majority of lymph nodes in your area (neck bundles).

Reconstructive treatment procedure. After the medical evacuation procedure, your doctor may prescribe a reconstructive medical procedure to identify the area. If bone, skin or nerve evacuation occurs during a medical procedure, this can be corrected or replaced by a reconstructive medical procedure. During a reconstructive medical procedure, a specialist attempts to adjust enhancements to your ability to bite, swallow, talk, or relax. You may need associations on the skin, tissue, or nerves from different parts of the body to restore areas of the mouth, throat, or jaw.

Medical treatment for salivary organs can be difficult because there are not many significant nerves in and around the organs. For example, the facial nerve that controls facial development passes through the parotid organ.

Evacuation of tumors involving significant nerves can cause nerve damage, which can cause fractional loss of facial movement. Experts take care to protect these nerves from every point of view. Sometimes sharp nerves can be repaired with nerves taken from different areas of your body.


If you opt for malignant salivary gland growth, your primary care physician may provide you with radiation. Radiation therapy uses powerful living columns, such as X-rays and protons, to kill malignant growth cells. During radiation, lie on your desk as the machine moves around you, coordinating powerful columns with a clear focus on your body.

More modern types of radiotherapy, such as the removal of particles called neutrons, can become increasingly convincing in the treatment of certain salivary organ tumors. More research is expected to understand the benefits and dangers of this treatment. Neutron radiation treatment is not widely available in the United States.

Aerial therapy can be used after a medical procedure to kill any remaining malignant growth cells. If the medical procedure goes beyond the idea that the tumor is huge or in a location that makes the expulsion too dangerous, your doctor may prescribe radiation alone or in combination with chemotherapy.


Cell venom is a medical treatment that uses synthetic soups for malignant cells. Chemotherapy is not currently used as a standard treatment for saliva cancer, but analysts are concentrating on its use.

Chemotherapy is possible in people with the most advanced salivary gland disease. Sometimes used in conjunction with radiation therapy.

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